Although ultrasound was initially discovered in the 1800s, medical ultrasound was not introduced as a practical application until the 1950s. Today, ultrasound scans are most regularly utilized in the obstetric setting but are practical in a number of other medical areas as well. The safety and simplicity of use has made these machines a lasting diagnostic tool in the medical community.
History of the Medical Ultrasound
Two men are touted to be the founding fathers for traditional medical ultrasonography. Austrian Dr. Karl Theodore Dussik first used ultrasound to diagnose a brain tumour. Dr. Karl then published his findings, the initial published article about medical ultrasound, in 1942. Some 15 years later, Professor Ian Donald developed the ultrasound machine, that used current technology for the time 3d ultrasound. This machine was initially tested in 1957 and then utilized on the initial pregnant woman in 1958.
So how exactly does it work?
An ultrasound scan produces pictures by using sound waves. These waves bounce off the tissues within the body and back up to the transducer to be able to produce the black-and-white picture on a computer screen.
Who are able to perform an Ultrasound?
Only those who find themselves licensed as ultrasound technicians can perform one of these simple scans. Physicians are also permitted to execute an ultrasound while they received most of the necessary training during schooling.
Where on the body can Ultrasound be used?
Ultrasounds are most often utilized in obstetric applications to diagnose gestational age, estimate foetal weight and health, determine placental placement in the uterus and assist with diagnostic testing such as for example amniocentesis. The medical ultrasound has a number of other applications as well. It can be utilized to view anomalies in the abdomen, urinary tract, thyroid, breasts, heart and circulatory system.
How safe is definitely an Ultrasound?
Ultrasound is utilized in a variety of medical applications because it’s non-invasive and offers basically no risk to the patient. Ultrasound does create a little bit of heat during the particular test. This heat is general only about one degree centigrade and is dissipated by the body rather easily.
Many studies have already been conducted to examine the consequences of ultrasound on a foetus after birth. One particular study was conducted by the University of Western Australia. In this study, foetuses were exposed to up to five different ultrasound tests through the entire gestational period. The outcome of the research is that there is no developmental or physical influence on a child.
Ultrasound scans really are a tool employed for diagnostic purposes in the medical community. For this reason, patients should not forget to ask questions. If something hasn’t been explained to the satisfaction of the in-patient and/or family, request an alternative explanation or extra information from another healthcare practitioner.
Since ultrasound was initially utilized in the medical community it’s been one of the very most widely used items of diagnostic equipment still to the day. Ultrasound is extremely versatile and non-invasive which makes it highly popular amongst healthcare practitioners. There’s without any risk to the in-patient who receives an ultrasound and no negative effects on a foetus.